Frost protection candles


Short term

Sustainability components

  • GHG emissions
  • Air quality
  • Soil
  • Water
  • Biodiversity
  • Animal welfare
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Technical feasibility

Climate risk region


Weather event addressed

Intense frost / Late frost

Farming system

Apple, vineyards

Description of the measure

Frost protection candles are implemented in the driving lanes to avoid a temperature decrease < 0°C

Comments on sustainability

The use of frost protection candles is very expensive (up to 2400 €/ha/frost night) and leads to increasing GHG emissions and to a reduced air quality. The use of the candles is not allowed everywhere. The additional workload usually is increased only on single days, but the measure is very effective to avoid catastrophic frost damages. Additional hail nets can increase the frost protection effect.