CLIMALAIT project - For the adaptation of dairy farming to climate changes
CNIEL’s governing bodies have asked for a support program for the dairy industry to adapt to climate change. In response, the Livestock Institute, in partnership with Arvalis, the BTPL, the Chambers of Agriculture, INRA and Météo France, proposed a program on this essential theme for the future of milk production.
CLIMALAIT's objective is to assess the impacts of climate change, in the medium and / or long term, on the various French dairy farming systems and to provide farmers and advisers with adaptation paths. The principle of the study is to work on a limited number of Dairy Units, representing the main milk production areas in France, to describe climate changes in the recent past and in the future (using climatic models), then assess the impacts of climate change on crops and suggest adaptations.
Figure: The 30 agro-climatic dairy units of the CLIMALAIT project
According to the dairy units, the CLIMALAIT program offers adaptation options targeting the fodder resource and the protection of cattle against heat waves. Adapting forage systems most of the time involves:
- The diversification of fodder and in particular of fodder for stocks (sorghum, mixtures of cereals-protein crops immature ensiled, double fine corn, mowing mowing + pasture);
- Extension of the grazing period to collect the grass when it is present (earlier in spring, later in autumn);
- Increase in grazing resources (especially in summer): alfalfa, temporary multi-species meadows, cover-crops.
Video pilot farm AgriAdapt : dairy milk farm explaining the adaptation measures already implemented and coming for the future.
Video pilot farm AgriAdapt : catlle "Dehesas" farms in South West of Spain.
Manual AgriAdapt : 5 case studies of cattle in Spain, Germany, France and Estonia.