VITADAPT is a project which was initiated in 2007 in order to study the behavior of Bordeaux grape varieties in a changing climatic context, as well as the adaptation and the potential of possible candidates for an introduction into Bordeaux grape varieties.
This project is based on an experimental plot called plot 52 to refer to the number of grape varieties of which it is composed. This plot was established in 2009 on the INRA Domaine de la Grande Ferrade on gravelly soil, representative of this region of Bordeaux (appellation Pessac-Léognan), with financial support from the CIVB (Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux) and the Aquitaine region. It is made up of 52 different grape varieties, 21 white grape varieties and 31 red grape varieties.
Among these grape varieties, we find the grape varieties currently cultivated in Bordeaux which serve as a reference and markers of global warming, but also grape varieties from other French and foreign vineyards. We therefore study varietals from Languedoc, Spain, Italy, Greece, Portugal and varietals from Eastern Europe (Bulgaria and Georgia, country of origin of the vine cultivated more than 6000 years ago).
The objective of INRA is not to modify the grape varieties observed, but to create a database in which the winegrowers can pick the more resistant grape varieties.
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