Amount of greenhouse gas emissions per year in the EU

As the Figure 1 shows, CO2 is the greenhouse gas that is emitted the most. It is commonly produced by human activities. Other greenhouse gases are emitted in smaller quantities, but they trap heat far more effectively than CO2, and in some cases are thousands of times stronger.

Greenhouse gas emissions by sector in the EU

According to the fifth assessment report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), it is extremely likely that human activities over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. These activities include for example the burning of coal, oil and gas, deforestation and farming.

The diagram in Figure 2 shows greenhouse gas emissions in the EU in 2017 broken down by main source sectors. Energy is responsible for 80.7% of greenhouse gas emissions in 2017, of which transport accounts for about a third. Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture contribute with 8.72%, industrial processes and product use with 7.82% and the management of waste with 2.75%.