In 2017, the most important GHG in Estonia was carbon dioxide (CO2), contributing 89.22% to total national GHG emissions expressed in CO2 eq. (including indirect CO2), followed by methane (CH4), 5.26%, and nitrous oxide (N2O), 4.36%. Fluorocarbons (so-called ‘F-gases’) account for about 1.16% of total emissions. The Energy sector accounted for 88.74% of total GHG emissions, followed by Agriculture (6.6%), Industrial processes and product use (3.08%) (including indirect CO2) and Waste (1.58%).

The Energy sector is the most significant source of greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia with 88.74% share of the total emissions in 2017. Since the base year (1990), total GHG emissions in Estonia have decreased by 48.52%. The key driver for the fall in emissions is the transition from a planned economy to a market economy.

Agriculture is the second most significant source of greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia. In 2017 the Agriculture sector contributed 6.6% of the total emissions. Since the base year emissions have decreased by 49.16%, mostly due to the decreasing livestock population and quantities of synthetic fertilizers and manure applied to agricultural fields.

Source: Estonian Ministry of the Environment

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