Most dominant responses to climate change by insects are changes in abundance, distribution/range shift, interactions, assemblage composition, and phenology. For review see: Andrew, N.R., Hill, S.J., Binns, M., Bahar, M.H., Ridley, E.V., Jung, M.-P., Fyfe, C., Yates, M. and Khusro, M. (2013) Assessing insect responses to climate change: What are we testing for? Where should we be heading? PeerJ 1: e11.

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